An Overview of Open Innovation Research
30 May 2013
- Marcel Bogers, University of Southern Denmark
In this seminar, I will give an overview of the considerable academic literature on open innovation that has arisen since 2003. I will highlight how the research related to open innovation has grown over the years and identify some of the most commonly studied themes in open innovation research. After further clarifying the definition of open innovation, and I will describe the main types and mechanisms of open innovation. In the second part of the talk, I will focus specifically on a subset of these mechanisms by presenting a systematic review of the research on open innovation that considers how and why firms commercialize external sources of innovations (notably “outside-in” and “coupled” open innovation). From an analysis of prior research on how firms leverage external sources of innovation, the review suggests a four-phase model in which a linear process — (1) obtaining, (2) integrating and (3) commercializing external innovations — is combined with (4) interaction between the firm and its collaborators. I will conclude by considering some promising areas for future open innovation research.